Lausitzer Studenten und die Universität Halle im 18. Jahrhundert

Michael Mehlow


The Hohe Schule (university) of Halle, founded in 1694, soon began to attract the studying youth from home and abroad. Thus in the 18th Century about 1000 students Coming from Lausitz and its surroundings enrolled at Halle university. More than half of them matriculated at the theological faculty. Especially many pastor families and families which can be numbered among the various civil classes sent their sons for studies into the town upon the Saale River. But also numerous less wealthy young men - among them several Sorbs - came to the Alma Mater of Halle. They had been enabled to study by the Franckeschen Stiftungen (Francke's Foundations). They gave them board and lodging, and in return the students taught in the schools of the institution or made themselves useful in another way. August Hermann Francke took trouble that former pupils and supporters of his ideas took over vacant pastorates in Lausitz. Some of the graduates of Halle University influenced by him kept in touch with the Foundations by letters or personal contacts even after having finished their studies. One of the pastorates, which almost during the whole of the 18th Century had been in the hands of former students of theology from Halle, was Kahren in Niederlausitz. Here Gottlieb Fabrizius (Bogumil Fabricius) established a Sorb printing office to Francke's knowledge and probably also at his Suggestion. By the publication of Luther's catechism in 1706 and the New Testament in 1709 Fabrizius laid the foundation for the printed Sorb literature in the Cottbus region. Being pietistical-minded, the pastor greatly supported the interests of the Sorb population.