Zur Geschichte der Elbinger Lehrerbildungsanstalten im ersten Viertel des 20. Jahrhunderts

Stefan Hartmann


This contribution is based on the analysis of seminar documents in Repositur 76 „Ministry of Art, Science and National Education" in Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz in Berlin, which have not been investigated till now. Objects of examination are: the buildings; the teaching staff; the social structure and regional origin of the students; the State welfare they received; Organization and contents of teaching; teaching methodology based on Johann Friedrich Herbart's pedagogic theory; entrance, move and school-leaving examinations; revisions; the disciplining of students; special events in school every day life like patriotic celebrations and commemoration days; the consequences of the First World War for the teacher training institutes in Elbing and their decline beginning after 1919.
Apart from the description of teaching itself, the analysis throws light upon the social, economic and cultural Situation of the town of Elbing and the adjoining regions. Elbing's part as a cultural centre is emphasized, which also finds expression in the fact that on 1 May 1926 the Pedagogie Academy was opened there. Besides Elbing's importance as an industrial and trading town we have to take its cultural significance into regard in order to do justice to the supraregional position of this West-Prussian town in the first quarter of the 20th Century. For further investigations of the history of the teacher training institutes in the former Prussian eastern provinces there is plenty of material in Geheimes Staatsarchiv.