Charakteristika der Entwicklung und der gegenwärtigen Gestalt des Bildungswesens in Mitteleuropa im inter- und intrasystemaren Vergleich

Siegfried Baske


The development of education politics and pedagogics in the various countries of West and East Central Europe was fundamentally influenced by three factors:
1. The process of disintegration was initiated by changes in general politics, which started in 1945 and in a short time led to a power-political constellation known as East-West-split. In the two parts of Central Europe two different social Orders came into being, which entailed different conditions for activities in education politics and pedagogics.
2. In both parts of Central Europe national traditions continued to have some effect, their influence was of great importance especially as regards education.
3. The process of disintegration proceeded in phases of different intensity. The stage of strongest disintegration reached from the end of the forties to the middle of the fifties, generally known as the hardest phase of the cold war and - as regards the countries of East Central Europe - as the phase of Stalinism and Sovietization. Since the so-called thaw period, however, besides divergent developments appear convergent ones which weakened the dynamics of disintegration. Since the sixties, important impulses for far-reaching reforms as regards education in East and West have been based on similar phenomena, on the one hand on the so-called technological progress, and on the other hand on demands for sociopolitical renewal. Finally in the eighties, in some Socialist countries there were developments which in their tendencies - as far as they can be recognized till now - indicate new variants of East-West relations. The estimation of the actual balance of divergent and convergent developments shows that in general the latter has got more weight.