Stil- und Themenentwicklungenin der Malerei seit 1945. Ein Vergleich zwischen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, der DDR und Polen

Ulrike Bestgen


For the "divergence" of Europe - as regards the field of modern art - the painting in the G.D.R. is an especially good example as it was influenced and formed by the Socialist Realism of the Soviet type, as a result of the political events in the fifties. A chronology of the most important art-political stages in the G.D.R. shows a special development of art compared with the two other countries. Only since 1971, the artists in the G.D.R. have been allowed also by officials to develop more freely as regards the stylistic and thematic fields of art; as a result, they dealt with and analysed their own artistic tradition, especially the art of the thirties.
In Poland, however, there was a different Situation. The "grown structures" could never be completely suppressed, since soon after 1945 Polish art continued its most important pre-war traditions like Constructivism and Colorism, influenced by French art. In a similar way "Western" styles like Pop-Art and Non-Objectivism have been influenced and dealt with by Polish artists; these styles developed beside the realistic style without being impeded by official art politics. As regards the painting in the Federal Republic of Germany, some examples were chosen to refute the thesis that it showed one-sidedness in following the Western model, a fact which would have fostered the process of "diverging" as well. The very development in the Federal Republic shows that on the one hand it is integrated within an international network of relations - therefore it is actually impossible to describe and classify the painting according to special national characteristics - and on the otherhand also here art follows own traditions.